Creation of champagne is a different process from the making of non-bubbly wines. The law has it that only one type of drink can be called champagne and all these drinks are made exclusively in France. The French tend to take a whole lot of pride in the name and they will take legal action against anyone who uses the term without the right to do so.
In history, you have a lot of tales about who was the first person to make champagne. A popular story credits Dom Perignon as the inventor of the bubbly wine otherwise known as champagne but certain historians disagree. Some certain other people believe that a monk saw the grape grown in the area of Champagne and this grape has a shorter life span due to the fact that the cold weather tended to last a bit longer in the region. Due to this fact the grapes tend to be picked at the last possible moment before the advent of frost. Cold weather, the short growing season and the other associated factors go a long way in understanding where the bubbles result from. Wine in Champagne is made differently, the whole factor of late picking means that the fermentation process is stopped in the middle since the cold weather means the process can’t be continued. When the weather becomes warm again, the remaining part of the process them gets restarted again. It is this process of starting over which results in the additional carbon dioxide which gives rise to bubbles.
A lot of the monks at the time thought that these bubbles were a terrible thing and tried to correct the situation. These monks felt that the wine was a wrong color and that they should try to make red wines instead of dealing with this curious phenomenon. In the 1700′s not much of this strange bubbly wine was made. It was only popular with the French and English royalty for unknown reasons and it was loved by aristocrats and flowed freely only at the best of parties. By the 1800′s had become so popular that its makers struggled to keep up with the demand for it.
In 1729 the first real winery devoted to the making of champagne was made. In 1735 laws as to the formulation of real champagne and the manner in which it was to be bottled and sold were established. In 1743 the largest winery making champagne which was aptly name a champagne house was started and the establishment continues till date. By the mid 1800′s they were selling as much as twenty million bottles annually.
You can make champagne on your own but the process is somewhat more complicated. The process used is usually called Methode Champenoise. You need thicker bottles because the process involved can cause bottles to explode. The wine must be a white wine but you must use Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier or Chardonnay. The first two may not be white grapes but they produce white juice and as long as the skins are separated quickly, the white color will still remain. Many years are needed in order to create great champagne so the best thing to do would be to make your wine and buy the champagne instead.