In making home made wine, there are certain necessary preparations that must be followed in order to make a quality wine. Within these preparations are seven easy steps one must follow in making home made wine and for success to occur.
1. Prepare the wine making fruit or materials by cutting up the larger fruit, bursting the skins on the fruit, chopping up fruits such as currents, and bruising heavily any ingredients like birch root, etc. Any large pits in the fruit of course should be removed.
2. Stir up all of the wine making ingredients, except for yeast, into what is called the primary fermenter. Collect any fruit pulp in a fermentation sack and submerge the sack into the wine making mixture. Add water to equal the batch to 5 gallons.
3. Cover the fermenter with a thin, clean towel or cheesecloth and wait 24 hours.
4. Lightly sprinkle wine yeast over the surface of the juice and then cover with a thin, clean towel. Allow this mixture to ferment for 5 to 7 days. This step cannot be overlooked.
5. After 5 to 7 days of fermenting, take out the pulp from the fermenter and throw away. Siphon the wine into a secondary fermenter very carefully, leaving all the sediment behind in the primary fermenter.
6. Attach the wine making air-lock and fill approximately half-way with clean water. Allow the juice to ferment an additional 4 to 6 week period or until the mixture turns completely clear.
7. Once the wine becomes completely clear, siphon it off of the sediment again. Stir in five Campden Tables found at your local wine making store that have been crushed and then bottle. When siphoning off sediment, unlike the first time you siphoned the wine, you want to leave all sediment behind, even if you lose a little wine.
These steps when followed correctly can and will produce a quality wine that you will surely enjoy. However, during the actual wine making process, it is extremely important to keep fermentation temperatures stable between 70 and 75 degrees F. Fermenting cool could and will result in the fermentation stopping before all the alcohol is made. Getting the fermentation too warm could result in off-flavors in the wine.