Posted on 21 August 2012.
Posted on 29 June 2012.
If you want to attempt winemaking, you should ensure that you know the different names that these wines are called and what these names or classifications mean. If you learn what these classifications are before you start making wine, you’ll enjoy the whole winemaking process a whole better.
The first thing that is essential is that you understand how both red and white wines get their color. Most people tend to think that these wines derive their color from the grapes. This is wrong, red wine actually develops its color based on how long it has been left with its skins. It is on separation from the juice and the skins that you determine the color of your wine.
In the case of white wine, the skins tend to be removed a whole lot earlier in order to eliminate the color. What this tells you is that you can make white wine from any type of grape as long as you separate the skins and juice almost immediately. A Rose’ wine is made from red grapes which are left together with the skins for just a number of hours. When white wine is made, it is created from very dark colored grapes and which leave a pinkish or even blue color.
Winemakers who make sparkling wine leave the carbon dioxide in the wine by means of a two-step fermentation procedure. The primary stage involves leaving the wine open and allowing the carbon dioxide escape. In the secondary stage a sealed fermentation container is used to keep the carbon dioxide in.
The carbon dioxide stays in the wine and creates an effect that is bubbly. Champagne is a wine that is very bubbly and which has worldwide recognition as a French bubbly wine.Certain wines are called fortified wines. What this means that the fermentation process has been stopped or that certain things have been added to it after the process of fermentation.
These wines tend to have a much sweeter taste. Brandy falls into the category of a distilled wine and it is usually made from a number of leftovers such as the pulps, seeds as well as stems.Wines may be classified in very many ways and the ones listed above are just a few. Other wines tend to be classified based on the way they taste. Wine is dry, sweet or fruity. When wine is dry what it means that it has a very small amount of sugar left in it. Residual sugar is the sugar which is left at the end of a fermentation process. A sweeter wine tends to have a lot more sugar left over than other wines. Certain other things give wine the taste and tend to classify wine into a particular category.
In certain cases, particular additives are added into wine in order to change the way that the wine tastes. These things may make this wine into fruity wines or blends of wines.
These wines may also be classified in terms of the way that they smell. The smell or aroma of the wine will also determine the way that people tend to describe the wine. Wine could be somewhat smoky or it could have a hint of chocolate, pepper or peaches. As long as you have made a successful classification of the wines that you like, you should know how to make one that is similar to them.
Posted on 26 May 2012.
Nobody goes into winemaking aiming to fail; everyone wants their first winemaking effort to be a success.
It is common knowledge within the winemaking community that you just don’t choose to make your own wine for the sheer fun of it. You do it because you want to make great quality wine that you can enjoy as well. This is one good reason why it is essential to understand the foundations of winemaking and these are a few things which if done well, will help anyone seeking to create a good wine, succeed in making one which tastes as excellent as possible.
If you are making wine, it is important to make sure that you have properly sanitized equipment. This is much more than simply cleaning your winemaking equipment and a number of special solutions can be used to accomplish this task. You will have to ensure that no strains or bacteria, wild mold or anything else of that nature is present on your equipment and this is even after you have cleaned everything out. The reason why focus is placed on having clean equipment is that equipment that is unclean affects the fermentation process. Anything which is even slightly unclean can easily affect the process of fermentation. If you keep everything as clean as possible, then your wine can last for a long number of years.
You should ensure that your recipe for making wine is a foolproof one; you shouldn’t simply take notes from someone who says that they are experts of making wine. If you want to create a good wine, especially as a beginner, you should ensure that you start out your winemaking with a great recipe. You can find all these recipes on many websites that are exclusively devoted to the topic of winemaking.
Something else that will have to be sorted out if you have really decided to make wine is the purchase of a hydrometer. These devices aren’t that expensive and a number are available for around ten dollars or so. They may be cheap but the service they provide is invaluable to a lot of people. What this nifty device does is that it tells you the rate of progression of your fermentation process. It may also be used for the determination of the alcohol content present in your wine because it compares before and after figures of the fermentation process in order to supply you with the necessary data.
In order to make sure your fermentation process is working well, you have to ensure that the temperature is right. Usually, the best temperature range which wine can be fermented in is around 70 to 75 degrees. Anything above this and your wine will ferment too rapidly resulting in a wine with poor taste. Anything below this said temperature range and your wine may either ferment too slowly or not ferment at all. A thermometer is another important necessity when fermenting wine.
Lastly, you should ensure that the wine isn’t exposed to too much air during the winemaking process. The presence of too much air will result in oxidation and white wine may change color and so will red wine too. It also affects the taste of the wine adversely
Posted on 03 May 2012.
A number of many different terms tend to be used in winemaking and unless the average person gets some knowledge as to the meaning of these terms, they may find it quite confusing when learning about winemaking and the different things involved in the winemaking process. This may make it difficult to converse with people about the subject and understand advice that is given by other people proficient in the process. The lack of knowledge about the prevalent terms in winemaking can be a problem and it because of this reason; people who want to be involved in the process of winemaking are urged to study these terms.
When a person speaks about the body of wine, it usually refers to how that wine tends to feel in your mouth. A wine may be full-bodied or rather medium and light bodied. A body of wine is made possible by a number of things and this usually includes a combination of sugar, alcohol and glycerin. A balance of wine usually refers to how well everything combines together and this can only be decided when the clarity of wine is being spoken about but certainly not the color.
An airlock is a device which is put in the fermenter and which makes sure that carbon dioxide is allowed to escape from the wine during the fermentation process. It is a very smart device which allows carbon dioxide escape without allowing oxygen to get in and ruin the wine. A bung on the other hand is a stopper which is there to ensure that the airlock stays in place. A carboy is a container which is used as a fermenter in the process of the second fermentation. It may hold as much as six gallons or as little as a gallon of wine; the amount really depends on what you’re brewing. Usually it is made from glass. An ullage is the space between the bung and the highest point of wine inside the bottle.
Yeast is a crucial element involved in winemaking. Yeast is what helps the conversion of sugar into alcohol by the means of yeast enzymes. It is an important component of wine and without yeast; your wine is no more than grape juice or fruit juice.
Trub is another terms used to describe lees. Both terms tend to refer to the sediment which accumulates at the base of the fermentation container. Anything found floating in the wine is usually under the category of flocculates. The process of removal of bits called filtering and it happens at the end of fermentation.
If something you have eaten has a bad taste, it is called an aftertaste and this is usually a terrible thing. In wine however, it’s a whole lot different. An aftertaste of a wine is the taste or flavor which you perceive after taking a glass of the wine. Great wine leaves a great aftertaste which may be anything from smooth, fruity, bitter, oaky or sour. The term aftertaste is one of the means which you use to describe the quality of wine and it is also referred to in certain quarters as the finish.
The study of how to make wine is known as oenology and it comes from the Greek word for grape. The study of how to grow the right grapes for making of wine is called viniculture. A mastery of these terms will make your experience at winemaking a much easier process.
Posted on 29 February 2012.
By definition only those beverages which are obtained through fermentation of grapes are called wines. Those which are produced from rice or starchy raw materials are called rice wine, sake or barley wine. Those wines which are produced from any other thing are called fruit wines.
Posted on 22 November 2011.
So many things should be considered about the winemaking process and this is especially true for people who are having their first experience with making their own wine. You have to understand all the necessary things that you need to know about the process of fermentation and all that is required to ensure that your wine ferments properly. One of the most important things that you need is nitrogen and unless you have it, your yeast won’t be able to reproduce at the high rate that is necessary to quicken the process. Yeast also helps in making the wine age a whole lot quicker, it is thus essential to ensure you find the necessary stimulant to ensure that the yeast carries out its job.
What this entails is finding a good supply of nitrogen and the simplest way to do this is to buy yeast nutrients. What this supplement does is that it puts nitrogen into the yeast. It is usually best used along with wines which have been made from grapes or berries. The ingredient which makes the yeast nutrient able to add this much nitrogen is phosphate. Such nutrients also tend to absorb the fatty acids which are in the wine in order to slow down the process of fermentation.
In some cases it is usually best to make use of a yeast energizer as this also helps in putting the needed nitrogen into the yeast but in a different manner. This is done by placing much more nutrients in the yeast followed by just the phosphate which is used up by the yeast nutrient. It also makes use of a different form of phosphate which is known as di-ammonium phosphate including proteins such as Riboflavin, Thiamin and vitamins. It can also be used for various types of winemaking. You should think in terms of wines which have been created from other fruits, vegetables and herbs and as such would need a yeast energizer. They do not have the needed nutrients present in grapes and berry wines so they need some extra boost in order to ferment properly.
Yeast energizer also tends to be useful when the wines which are being made require high alcohol content. When you talk of high alcohol content, it usually refers to anything which is more than 14 percent. It serves to encourage the second phase of fermentation which may sometimes stop for no reason at all. The yeast energizer is what initiates the process. It is what will be used if you need to restart a fermentation process which has come to a complete stop. Mixing with some fresh yeast or a minor amount of wine together with the yeast will start the fermentation process after about 12 hours.
Lipids are also found in yeast and they are another nutrient. When the yeast cells divide, the lipid tends to lessen and make it harder for the yeast to reproduce more of itself. What this means is that the yeast production slows down quickly. By adding a lipid supplement the yeast will grow much faster than expected.
Posted on 05 November 2011.
People always wonder how wine can be made so clear. If you’re one of those who make their own wine, you will be aware of fermentation through which wine is made but during which bits of debris tend to collate at the bottom of the wine. For winemakers, this factor is purely natural and acceptable as a part of the entire process but consumers prefer their wine clear. They don’t want to see debris floating inside their wine. Because of these factors, after the fermentation process has been completed, the winemaker will usually clean out the wine before he starts with the process of aging the wine. This cleaning process also tends to have other advantages as well since it increases the shelf life of the wine too.
However, not all is rosy and this process has its disadvantages at the same time. The removal of the floating bits in the wine tends to affect the bouquet of the wine. Despite this and other facts, these bits should be removed in order to make the wine something which can be sold easily. People who make their wine at home also want to make it into something that has a welcoming and inviting appearance.
Several processes are employed in order to make wine as clear as it is in stores. The oldest of these methods is known as racking. This is usually achieved by pouring the wine directly into another bottle and leaving the sediments behind. Bits are usually different things which may be anything from dead yeast, to cellulose, to pieces of skin or stem. It all depends on how well the first racking process goes and you may have to continue this procedure more than once. Red wine tends to be easier to clear out than white wine, red wines may need only a single round of racking before they can be bottled for sale.
Another well known method of cleaning out wine is referred to as fining. If you add a fining instrument to the wine, it starts off the cleaning process. The cleaning agent tends to be a lot heavier than alcohol and water and as such it doesn’t dissolve but it sinks to the bottom. It also attracts the floating debris to stick to it. The process must be carried out very carefully because it tends to disturb the bouquet as well as the flavor of the wine and the ageing process. Fining is a very delicate procedure and it should only be carried out by people who are conversant with the technique and not by people who have no experience with this sort of thing. Different fining instruments can be used in the wine cleaning procedure and they include gelatin, egg white, blood or milk.
Other options exist for people who wish to clear their wine and one of these options is filtering. You filter the wine through something that leaves the wine bits at the bottom. It sounds relatively easy but it must be handled with care as filtering wrongly may leave a clear but tasteless wine behind.
Posted on 14 May 2010.
This article provides for tips as to how ferment your own wine at home. The actual fermentation process that is involved in wine making is based around a chemical reaction which occurs when turning raw grape juice into an alcoholic beverage called wine. Some consideration should be taken into account when considering the exact timing and lengths of the fermentation process prior to beginning. This is mainly a way to protect the final integrity of the product and the wine itself.
A seasoned vintner will have a specific plan in motion before starting the process. Yeast will interact with natural sugars in the fruit juice during the fermentation process creating ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol. It also creates carbon dioxide as off product. The temperature and timing of the fermentation process is of great importance when fermenting the wine. Great care should be taken to avoid risks of stuck fermentation. It causes a delay in the fermentation process. When stuck fermentation happens it usually delays the process anywhere from five to fifteen days time. This is crucial for the home made wine maker in making a quality product. It could change the entire batch of wine and could produce vinegar if left unchecked.
This drawback of stuck fermentation is usually caused by a number of influences. It happens due to a lack of nutrient content needed in order for yeast to complete its fermentation process. Another cause of this is often low temperatures, or fluctuating temperature changes causing the yeast to stop fermenting early. Finally the alcohol percentage rate could have grown too high as a result of the type of yeast selected to be used in the fermentation process.
The majority of fermentation is often done in stainless steel tanks, open wooden vats, inside wine barrels, or inside the wine bottle itself as seen in the production of many types of sparkling and brut wines. For the home making vintner, these concerns are not large concerns. But often fermenting wine at home will mean a little bit more effort and work from the maker and usually this work is crucial to making a quality wine product.
Posted on 11 May 2010.
One of the great advantages of making your own wine is that you are able to take control of as much of the process as you want. If you want to grow and harvest your own grapes or any other kind of fruit and produce wine you can control every aspect of the process. If, on the other hand, you choose to purchase grape concentrate, you can begin making your wine from that point on. Making wine is largely about making a number of different decisions and taking various factors into consideration. Each factor and each decision will have an impact on your final wine.
One of the first choices you will need to make if you elect to make grape wine and use fruit in order to do it instead of concentrate is whether you want to de-stem the grapes or use the entire cluster. When making this decision it is important to keep in mind that it really does make a difference. If you decide to use the whole cluster then you will find that your wine has a certain flavor and even nuance that is not present if you de-stem the grapes first. This flavor may or may not be appealing to you. Some people describe it as somewhat ‘green.’ If you like that sort of flavor, then using a whole cluster is an excellent choice. A number of very good, award winning wines are produced using the entire cluster. If; however, you do not think you would like that flavor, then it is best to go ahead and de-stem the grapes before you use them for your wine.
Another choice you will have to make is how you want to ferment the must. Yes, there are choices to make here as well. You have two basic choices. You can either ferment in a barrel or a tank. Most winemakers prefer to ferment using a tank. This gives you greater control over the process because the sleeves on the tank give you the option to either heat or cool the must. For example, in the beginning of the fermentation process you may wish to ensure the tanks are cool in order to extract the color from the grape skins. This can also help to stabilize the wine. Of course, you can also choose to ferment your wine in a barrel. This is a popular method when producing white wines because it tends to give them some character that might not be possible from tank fermentation. In the end, it is really up to you and your personal choice, but you will need to make this decision before you produce your first batch of wine.
You will also need to give some thought to the types of yeast that you wish to use. Most beginning winemakers are not aware of the fact that grapes picked straight from the vineyard actually have yeast on them. These are naturally occurring yeasts. As a result, you may choose not to add any additional yeast to the fermentation mix. In this case, you can allow the natural or native yeasts to work on their own. The one downside to this problem is that you may run into a problem known as a stuck fermentation. This is when the yeast reaches a certain point and then it just simply stops. Generally, yeasts that are created in the lab will be more stable. Of course, there is a downside to this as well. Many winemakers feel that lab created yeasts are lacking in flavor when compared to natural yeasts.
If you do choose to use natural yeasts, you will need to be prepared to handle a stuck fermentation in the event that it does occur. Adding a yeast nutrient or energizer can often help to combat this problem by providing the natural yeasts the ‘kick’ they need to finish the fermentation process.
Finally, you will need to give some thought to whether you wish to filter or not filter your wine. There is no set rule regarding this matter. You may find that a wine that has been unfiltered will have a great amount of richness; however, do be aware that there are bacterial issues which may arise if you choose not to filter your wine. In addition, wines that have not been filtered tend to have a cloudier appearance than those that have been filtered.
Posted on 09 May 2010.
Before you begin your first batch of wine, it is a good idea to understand something of the background of wine and the basics of winemaking. Today there are certainly many kits which can be purchased which will walk you step by step through the process of winemaking. Even so, you may find that you enjoy and appreciate the results all the more for understanding the background of each step.
Wine is produced by fermenting grapes that have been freshly harvested. While many people today have taken up an interest in winemaking, the actual process of making wine has remained relatively unchanged over the years.
As we all know, yeast is essential to the fermentation process as part of making wine. Yeast actually grows on grape skins and then begins to automatically ferment the grape juice as the grapes are crushed. This begins the process of turning the grapes into wine. The combination of grape skins and grape juice is known as the must. When the mixture is in this phase of immersion it is known as maceration. This is one of the most important stages of winemaking, especially when making red wines. The actual color of red wine is obtained not from the juice inside the grapes but from the color of the grape skins. The juice inside all grapes, regardless of the skin color of the grape, is actually clear. In order for red wines to obtain their dark color they must extract the color from the skin of the grape. This is why black grapes are commonly used for the production of red wines. Conversely, light colored grapes are used for the production of white wines.
During the actual fermentation process, the natural fruit sugar that is contained within the grapes undergoes a conversion process into equal parts of carbon dioxide and alcohol. As this process continues, heat is released. It is for this reason that stainless steel fermenters that can be temperature controlled are commonly used for the production of rather delicate white wines. This prevents the wine from ‘cooking.’
The ripeness of the grapes and the sugar content contributes to the level of alcohol that is produced during the fermentation process. The time at which the fermentation process is stopped can also contribute to the alcohol level as well.
The dusty look of grapes, frequently referred to as their bloom, is produced by yeasts. The skins of grapes contain what is known as vinegar bacteria. Once exposed to air, vinegar bacteria can spoil new wine quite quickly. As a result, it is necessary to eliminate wild yeasts in order to avoid ruining the taste and the aroma of the wine. Winemakers use a centuries old process of utilizing sulfur dioxide to kill the vinegar bacteria as well as slow the growth of other bacteria and molds in the wine. Sulfites can also help to cease the browning or oxidation of wine as well as preserve its flavor.
Generally, the amount of sulfur dioxide that is used in the winemaking process is quite small. Typically, only between 60 and 125 parts per million are used. It is important to understand that even if no sulfur dioxide is added to the wine, there will still be some sulfites present in the wine due to the fact that they will be produced from fermenting yeasts. This is why all wines that are purchased in the United States contain the label “Contains Sulfites” on the bottle.
Posted on 28 April 2010.
As we all know, fermentation is one of the critical stages of winemaking. Without fermentation, it is impossible to create wine. In some cases; however, you may find that you have problems with the fermentation process. Usually, these problems will take the form of either fermentation that just does not occur at all or else is too slow.
One of the reasons that this may occur is that the temperature was either too cold or too hot. Remember that yeast cells are live and in order to become activated they require a temperature that is between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Ideally, you should aim for around 72 degrees; however, if you drop below 70 or go above 75 degrees, you will have problems. When the temperature is too cool, the fermentation will likely not occur at all. When the temperature is too warm; however, the yeast can become damaged and will also perform poorly.
This is why it is critical to ensure that you have a stable temperature in the room where you ferment your wine. If the temperature in the room fluctuates, you will generally have problems. Basements tend to make the best places for fermentation; provided the area does not become too cool during the winter. In that case, you can provide a small heat source. Making sure that your fermentation containers are not placed directly on the floor may also help. You can also use a thermometer to monitor the fermentation. A floating thermometer can be placed right in the wine and you can lift it out when you want to check the temperature.
Improperly starting the yeast can also result in problems with fermentation. This is also commonly due to problems with temperatures. Most yeast packets require the yeast to be rehydrated, or moistened, with some warm water prior to use. Ideally, this should not cause any problems. That is, unless the water temperature was too warm. Most yeast packets call for the temperature to be somewhere between 95 and 105 degrees. If the water exceeds these temperature limits even just a small bit, the yeast is likely to be destroyed. As a result, it is unable to support the fermentation process.
As a result, it is important to make sure that you actually verify the temperature of the water before you add the yeast. In addition, it is important to make sure that you do not leave the yeast in the water for too long. Generally, you will need to leave the yeast in the water for about fifteen minutes. If you walk off and forget about the yeast and leave it in the water for even a few minutes longer, you will also run the risk of destroying the yeast cells. Therefore, it is important to keep an eye on the clock and make sure that the yeast does not remain in the water for any longer than 15 minutes at the most.
Adding too much sugar can also cause problems in the fermentation process. Remember that while it is necessary for yeast to have sugar in order to produce alcohol, you can add in too much sugar. When the sugar level is too high, it may begin to have a detrimental effect on the ability of the yeast to produce alcohol. This is why it is critical to verify the amount of sugar that is already present in a batch from the fruit itself before you add in any additional fruit. Remember that the fruit itself will have its own amount of sugar. This level can vary from one fruit to another, making it even more important to verify the sugar content level. A hydrometer can be used for this purpose. If you have not previously used a hydrometer it is a good idea to invest in one and become acquainted with it. A quality hydrometer can help you to avoid many of the problems that might otherwise ruin a good batch of wine.
Posted on 21 April 2010.
Racking is one of the most essential parts to making stellar wine. Generally, you will need to rack the wine at least two times and in some cases you may need to rack it as many as four times. Making sure that you rack in a timely fashion will ensure the wine is properly clarified as well as prevent off flavors.
If you are not familiar with racking, it is important to understand that racking does not refer to bottling the wine. This is a misinterpretation. Basically, racking involves siphoning the wine from one container to another. The purpose behind this is making sure that all of the sediment is left behind.
The first racking typically occurs about five days into the fermentation process. In some cases, you may wait one to two days; however, the first racking should always occur by day 7. This is because by this time you will need to place an air lock on the container in order to protect the wine must due to the fact that the fermentation has slowed down. Outside contaminant could easily influence the wine, so you will need to provide necessary protection using an air lock.
You will also usually find that at this point in the fermentation process at least 70% of the sediment will have already begun to appear. If you rack between days five and seven, this will be a good opportunity to get rid of most of the sediment. It will be some time before the remainder of the sediment appears. Racking at this point is also important because it presents you with a chance to remove pulp from the must. This is imperative if you used fresh fruit instead of concentrate. If you leave pulp in the must for any longer, you may find that your wine has a harsh taste.
The second racking should take place when the fermentation process has been completed. The amount of time necessary for this to occur may vary. In some cases it may take only a few days following the first racking while in other cases it could be several weeks following the first racking. The amount of time depends on how quickly the fermentation progresses. After you have completed the second racking, do take care to re-apply the air lock as the must will still need some time in order to clear.
The third racking should take place after the wine has become completely clear. This will give you the chance to get rid of any remaining sediment. Under specific circumstances, you may find that it is necessary to perform subsequent rackings. For example, when you are aging a heavy red wine in bulk, you may find it necessary to rack the wine approximately every three months or so. This is because some sediment may still occur over the course of the wine being stored in bulk for a long period of time.
In the event you decide to use clarifiers or finings you may also need to perform subsequent rackings. In this case, you would need to rack the wine once before the wine is treated and then once again after treatment. It should be noted that it is entirely possible to rack your wine too many times. This should be avoided as it can cause the wine to become over-oxidized.
Posted on 08 April 2010.
Two of the keys to making a great batch of wine are testing and making adjustments based on those tests. There are two critical areas where you will need to perform tests and possibly make adjustments. Those are sugar and acid levels.
As you are already aware, the sugar level of your wine is incredibly important as it is the sugar that the yeast feeds off of in order to produce the alcohol. The amount of sugar that you start your batch with will ultimately determine the level of alcohol that is present in the final batch. In order to run these tests you will need to have a wine making hydrometer. This is not an area where you want to try and guess at how much alcohol and sugar is present.
The hydrometer gives you the ability to accurately test and measure the amount of sugar that is present in the juice and consequently the amount of alcohol that can be produced from the sugar. As a result, you will also be able to measure how much additional sugar you may need to add to the juice.
You can purchase a hydrometer online as well as in any winemaking store. It looks quite simple. It is comprised of a glass tube with a weight on one end that will float. Sugar levels are tested by reading how low or high it ultimately floats. Almost all hydrometers also have a scale on them. This is the Potential Alcohol scale. You can read this scale when you first start the fermentation process to determine whether you need to add additional sugar based on the amount of alcohol that you want to be present in the final wine.
If you determine that you need to adjust the sugar level in order to increase the alcohol level, you may wonder what type of sugar is the best type to use. There are many different types of options available. It is important to remember that each type of sugar will offer different characteristics. The different options include brown sugar, cane sugar, fructose, beet sugar, rice sugar, etc. Corn sugar and cane sugar are usually the cheapest and the most widely available; however, there is certainly nothing stopping you from experimenting with other sugar options if you have them available. Be sure to take notes so that you will know whether you want to use whichever type you decide upon again for future batches.
You will also need to test and possibly adjust the acid level of your wine. Remember that maintaining the right acid level in your wine will provide your wine with balance and character as well as assist in the fermentation process.
When testing acidity, it is important to keep in mind that it typically varies from one fruit to another. This is why it is so critical to test the acidity level and then make adjustments as necessary.
The best way to test the acidity level of your juice is to use a titration kit. You can find these at any winemaking store as well as online. This kit will help you to measure how acidic the wine will actually taste. For example, if there is too much acid in the wine then it will taste bitter or sour. If; however, it does not have enough acid then it will have a flat taste. Based on those readings, you will know whether or not you need to adjust the acidity level of your wine. If you find that you do need to make adjustments you can do so using one of three different fruit acids. They are citric, tartaric and malic fruit acids.
Once you are ready to bottle your wine, it is time to make any final adjustments that may be necessary. There are many ways in which you can adjust your wine in order to improve the flavor. Perhaps the easiest way to go about this is to simply experiment and find out what works well for you personally. By keeping notes, you will quickly discover what works and what you like and what should be avoided in the future.
Just a few ways you can adjust the flavor of the wine when bottling it includes blending it with other fruit based wines, adding spices or oak chips, body enhances or flavor enhances. You can even fortify your wine with something such as grain alcohol. The most critical rule that should be followed when making final flavor adjustments is to make sure that you adjust in small amounts. In other words, always experiment with small amounts rather than a full batch.
Posted on 07 February 2010.
In some cases you may find it desirable to stop the fermentation process before it comes to a stop on its own. The most common reason for wishing to stop the fermentation process is that you have found the wine already has the exact amount of sweetness that you prefer and you do not want it to progress any further.
By stopping the fermentation at that point, many winemakers believe that they can preserve the amount of sweetness that the wine has already produced. If you want a really sweet wine, such as a dessert wine, this is certainly understandable. The idea behind stopping the fermentation process is that if you allowed the wine to continue fermenting it would become less sweet as time went on. When the wine became completely dry, the fermentation process would eventually stop on its own without any intervention from you.
As a result, there are several different methods that home winemakers tend to use when attempting to stop the fermentation process in order to preserve the sweetness. None of these methods work very well; however. Let us examine each.
One of those methods is using either Campden Tablets or Sodium Bisulfite. It should be noted that fermentation will not completely stop using these methods. You should also be aware that the chance does exist for some live yeast to be left in the wine, providing the opportunity for the fermentation process to begin again. In fact, it is not unknown for the process to begin again even after you have bottled your wine and stored it. Obviously, that would not be a good situation and would result in some really poor wine.
Another common option used by some winemakers is Potassium Sorbate. Generally, Potassium Sorbate is used for the purpose of sweetening wine. When it is used for the purpose it is commonly after the fermentation process has already been completed and you are ready to bottle your wine. The Potassium Sorbate is then added with sugar. The purpose of the Potassium Sorbate in this instance is to prevent the yeast from fermenting sugar that has just been added. When added prior to the end of the fermentation cycle; however, Potassium Sorbate will not kill the yeast; it only makes it sterile. This means that it stops producing but it doesn’t stop the fermentation. In other words, it does not prevent the yeast from fermenting the sugar and turning it into alcohol.
If your goal is to preserve the amount of sweetness that is already in the wine, the best way to do this is to actually go ahead and let the fermentation continue on its own until it is completely finished. After the yeast has had an opportunity to settle over a couple of weeks, you will then be able to siphon the wine off and then add some Potassium Sorbate with some sugar.
Keep in mind that it is really imperative to allow the fermentation process to finish before you add anything like Potassium Sorbate or more sugar. If you are not sure whether the fermentation process has finished, you can check it using a hydrometer. Remember that this is the tool that you use to check the alcohol content of the wine. If the process has completed, there should be a reading of no more than 1.000 on the hydrometer.
Posted on 09 January 2010.
The history of home wine making can actually be traced back, oddly enough, in biblical times to the story of Noah’s Ark. Noah fermented grapes after the great flood as a special present to his family for all the hardship they endured while on the boat. Wine has been treasured for centuries; by Greek sailors who brought their vintages across the waters; and then to the Romans working in the northern fields of Palermo producing house Italian delights to the specialized vineyards of Avignon, France where it has become a billion dollar industry dating back to the middle ages.
This process of home wine making came about often by chance and sometimes by coincidence. Usually from peasants and later hired hand workers crushing the grapes in over-sized oak vats, then transferring the juice to large oak barrels allowing the natural sugars to ferment thus creating the wine we know and love today.
This basic process was then refined by the Italians and the french who began using glass bottles to store the wine in, thus allowing the wine to ferment in the bottle in its natural state. They would very often mix certain grapes in the wine and try different natural fruit sugar combinations for the fermentation process. It was through this process that many of the different varieties of wines were made and discovered.
It was also through the use of different varieties of grapes that wine was often made, and this led to larger vineyards, mechanized production and the actual business of wineries and the wine trade grew into a billion dollar a year industry that exists today.
But the actual process of home made wine production has taken a turn for the better. Many are bored or dissatisfied with wines made by large vineyards as they churn out bottle after bottle every year. These people have taken up the practice of making wine at home and it has proved successful for them. You can make a quality wine product right at home with a few simple tools and the right ingredients. It often lies in the satisfaction of making a wine that suits the person’s palette, making a wine product that they are proud of and repeating the home wine making process with great success.
Posted on 31 August 2009.
www.FreeGuideToSecrets.com Wine Making Kits: Produce the Best Wine at Home Because the list of occasions that merits the presence of wine is practically endless, there is now a renewed interest on producing the wine at home. Doing so will allow anyone to produce a wine that will suit their tastes. In this aspect, wine making kits are at the forefront to provide everyone the opportunity to become a wine maker. This is because wine making kits are now sold in the same manner that home appliances are. Common Items in Wine Making Kits Wine making kits include several items. These include the following: Fruit wine bases Fruit wine bases are essentially a certain type wine in concentrated form. All that a budding wine maker needs to do is to add ingredients to it such as water and sugar to produce wine. Wine enhancers A concentrated grape juice, they are added to wine before bottling, enhancing the wine’s aroma. However, because they may contain fermentable sugars, stabilizers must be added to the mix as well. Bottles The proper bottles must be selected to resist the fermenting action of the yeast such as in the case of sparkling wine. A bottle of inferior quality may burst at the pressure exerted. Racks The proper racks must be in hand to make sure that the bottled wines will be stored properly and the fermentation process will go on unhampered. The Benefits Wine Making Kits Bring Wine making kits benefits everyone in different ways. To some, the most obvious benefit is that …