Posted on 14 May 2010.
This article provides for tips as to how ferment your own wine at home. The actual fermentation process that is involved in wine making is based around a chemical reaction which occurs when turning raw grape juice into an alcoholic beverage called wine. Some consideration should be taken into account when considering the exact timing and lengths of the fermentation process prior to beginning. This is mainly a way to protect the final integrity of the product and the wine itself.
A seasoned vintner will have a specific plan in motion before starting the process. Yeast will interact with natural sugars in the fruit juice during the fermentation process creating ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol. It also creates carbon dioxide as off product. The temperature and timing of the fermentation process is of great importance when fermenting the wine. Great care should be taken to avoid risks of stuck fermentation. It causes a delay in the fermentation process. When stuck fermentation happens it usually delays the process anywhere from five to fifteen days time. This is crucial for the home made wine maker in making a quality product. It could change the entire batch of wine and could produce vinegar if left unchecked.
This drawback of stuck fermentation is usually caused by a number of influences. It happens due to a lack of nutrient content needed in order for yeast to complete its fermentation process. Another cause of this is often low temperatures, or fluctuating temperature changes causing the yeast to stop fermenting early. Finally the alcohol percentage rate could have grown too high as a result of the type of yeast selected to be used in the fermentation process.
The majority of fermentation is often done in stainless steel tanks, open wooden vats, inside wine barrels, or inside the wine bottle itself as seen in the production of many types of sparkling and brut wines. For the home making vintner, these concerns are not large concerns. But often fermenting wine at home will mean a little bit more effort and work from the maker and usually this work is crucial to making a quality wine product.
Posted in Winemaking Tips
Posted on 09 January 2010.
The history of home wine making can actually be traced back, oddly enough, in biblical times to the story of Noah’s Ark. Noah fermented grapes after the great flood as a special present to his family for all the hardship they endured while on the boat. Wine has been treasured for centuries; by Greek sailors who brought their vintages across the waters; and then to the Romans working in the northern fields of Palermo producing house Italian delights to the specialized vineyards of Avignon, France where it has become a billion dollar industry dating back to the middle ages.
This process of home wine making came about often by chance and sometimes by coincidence. Usually from peasants and later hired hand workers crushing the grapes in over-sized oak vats, then transferring the juice to large oak barrels allowing the natural sugars to ferment thus creating the wine we know and love today.
This basic process was then refined by the Italians and the french who began using glass bottles to store the wine in, thus allowing the wine to ferment in the bottle in its natural state. They would very often mix certain grapes in the wine and try different natural fruit sugar combinations for the fermentation process. It was through this process that many of the different varieties of wines were made and discovered.
It was also through the use of different varieties of grapes that wine was often made, and this led to larger vineyards, mechanized production and the actual business of wineries and the wine trade grew into a billion dollar a year industry that exists today.
But the actual process of home made wine production has taken a turn for the better. Many are bored or dissatisfied with wines made by large vineyards as they churn out bottle after bottle every year. These people have taken up the practice of making wine at home and it has proved successful for them. You can make a quality wine product right at home with a few simple tools and the right ingredients. It often lies in the satisfaction of making a wine that suits the person’s palette, making a wine product that they are proud of and repeating the home wine making process with great success.
Posted in Winemaking Tips