Posted on 12 August 2012.
Posted on 14 July 2012.
People who engage in home winemaking, usually fall into two distinct categories. Some of these people are the hobbyists who just like making wine part time and derive joy in having other people experience the wonderful creation that they have made. These people love to share their wine among family as well as friends. For such people it is nothing more than a hobby that they enjoy.
However, there are other people. These people take this hobby a little more seriously than the others. They don’t make wine solely for the sake of enjoyment and they are after perfection. Their wine is shared with friends and family but the primary purpose is to get the general feeling of the wine and to know how good it tastes. These people take their winemaking very seriously and they are proud about their creations and not just the process it entails. Their focus is on creating the wine with the best flavor possible, winemaking is a whole lot more to them that such a simple hobby and though it isn’t an occupation, it is very nearly an obsession.
These sorts of people are the serious winemakers who challenge other people like themselves in serious contests on a countrywide basis. Every year from seasons like spring to fall, wine fairs are held in the country and allow entrance to different people just as long as their wines fall into the group of wines which awards are being given for. Every category has certain requirements which should be met. A small entrance fee may also be required to enter such ventures.
A number of wine contests stipulate that the wine should be bottled in bottles that have no label attached. Instead of labels, the entry tags will be what are used instead. Different contests will allow a different number of bottles to be entered into specific categories. Limits will be set however for anywhere from one to five bottles. The person who is entering the competition will be permitted to select from a number of different categories and each contest will have different rules which concern the number of bottles which may be entered by a single person. Sometimes they will want the entrants to belong to specific clubs or associations, before they can enter such competitions. Some events have less stringent rules and will simply allow anyone who has made a good bottle of wine enter into the competition. At the end of the competition winners in each category will be matched against each other so the best of the lot can be decided. At this stage everybody wants to be the one who wins.
Certain categories in wine contests will include dry wine in white, red, fruit, novelty, and rose or blended variants. These same variants may also apply to sweet wines. Categories will also exist for sparkling wines as well as dessert wines. Both sweet and dry wines should have the necessary amounts of each flavor. Dessert wines may be required to have a certain percentage of alcohol before they qualify. The rules depend on who is hosting the competition.
Posted on 06 July 2012.
A number of different types of wine can be made and not all of them have to be made from grapes or fruit. Mead wine is one such wine and it is made from honey, it also happens to be one of the oldest forms of wine and it is known also known as honey wine. It is primarily made from three main ingredients and these are honey, yeast and water. The yeast is natural and comes from the version which is known as wild yeast.
In modern times these wines are made much more like other versions of wines but they tend to have longer fermenting times and the yeast is used in order to speed up the process. This ancient beverage also comes along with a number of other traditions, one of such traditions comes from the term honey moon which actually refers to an ancient tradition where a couple would take honey wine for a month after marriage because it was believed that it would help them give birth to sons.
At a certain time, people who made mead wine were skilled and specially trained men. The art of such winemaking was also a closeted and respected process, so much so that people who made wines in ancient times were considered very important persons.
For those who wish to change the flavor of their mead, certain things can be added in order to change the flavor. If spices are added to the mix, the name changes to metheglin. What this word means is medicinal liquor and the etymology comes from the welsh language. This name was given because spices and herbs in ancient times were known to cure medical problems and honey wine was used along with the mixture because it didn’t freeze during the cold winters.
Certain people added fruit to their honey wine and called it melomel. This helped these people make their fruit last much longer in summer when such fruit was usually prone to rot. In winter spices would be added and then warmed in order to create a winter delight. If medicinal purposes were intended, lavender or chamomile would be added. In order to spice everything up properly cinnamon or nutmeg would also be added too. Certain fruits were used and mixed along with the honey wine and these fruits included strawberries as well as blackcurrants. If the honey was required to be stronger tasting, more honey was used and the mix was called sack instead. Slavs from the East made honey wine and it tended to come with much more alcohol and they called their version Medovukha. It was much more like vodka with some honey mixed with it. One more type of mead was called Pyment and it was a mixture of honey wine as well as grapes. If white grapes were used in the mix, it was called white mead instead.
Different types of honey were used to make these wines and they all tended to depend on the place were a person usually lived. This honey could either be light colored with a light taste or as dark as buckwheat honey with a heavier taste but regardless, they all tended to result in very good honey wine.
Posted on 01 July 2012.
Of all the grapes used to make red wines, Cabernet Sauvignon is easily the most popular option among winemakers. It is one grape that will surely result in a finely aged wine and it is also a wine which is guaranteed to improve as it gets much older. It can easily grow from a wine that is young and good to an excellent and superior wine with the most delightful of aromas. Sometimes it smells like blackcurrant and at other times it smells of cedar, flowers and even fruit. Other people claim new Cabernet Sauvignon wine smells like new leather, a taste which tends to smoothen out as the wine ages.
Some of the most profitable red wines made in the California are made from this popular grape out of all the red grapes available. These grapes were initially grown in the winemaking region of Bordeaux in France. Studies have been carried out which have tried to ascertain the true origins of this grape. Research however has shown that its origins can easily be traced to grapes such as the Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Franc.
Cabernet Sauvignon grapes tend to be small and round, they tend to have very thick skins as well. This factor makes them more resistant to disease than any other form of grapes. These thicker skins mean that during the rains where many grapes experience damage, they stay free from harm. These grapes tend to ripen a little later than most other grapes but they have the characteristics necessary for great winemaking. It also adds to the reasons why the grape is popular among people on a global scale.
Cabernet Sauvignon grapes tend to grow in areas where the weather is sufficiently warm enough but not extremely hot. The climate should be dry because this tends to give rise to a longer growing season. In terms of the soil, it shouldn’t be too fertile as this will result in the grapes not growing too well. If the weather is too cool or too hot or if the soil is overtly rich and if there is not enough sunlight or if the grapes are picked too soon, it will affect the quality of the grapes.
The popularity of the grape started as far back as the 1960′s. It’s a popularity was due to two reasons. One of these factors was due to the flavor of the grape and people felt at the time that the grape would become a collector’s item. These speculators were proved right and in time the wine attained the expected collectors’ status. It became so popular among a number of socialites as well as the nouveau riche who always want to remain in style. Regardless of the sort of aroma that you prefer, Cabernet Sauvignon grapes will always result in excellent wine. This is a fact whether you’re planning to make wine to serve to friends and family or you’re trying to make your own brand of wine which you’ll later put up in one store or the other for sale.
Posted on 29 June 2012.
If you want to attempt winemaking, you should ensure that you know the different names that these wines are called and what these names or classifications mean. If you learn what these classifications are before you start making wine, you’ll enjoy the whole winemaking process a whole better.
The first thing that is essential is that you understand how both red and white wines get their color. Most people tend to think that these wines derive their color from the grapes. This is wrong, red wine actually develops its color based on how long it has been left with its skins. It is on separation from the juice and the skins that you determine the color of your wine.
In the case of white wine, the skins tend to be removed a whole lot earlier in order to eliminate the color. What this tells you is that you can make white wine from any type of grape as long as you separate the skins and juice almost immediately. A Rose’ wine is made from red grapes which are left together with the skins for just a number of hours. When white wine is made, it is created from very dark colored grapes and which leave a pinkish or even blue color.
Winemakers who make sparkling wine leave the carbon dioxide in the wine by means of a two-step fermentation procedure. The primary stage involves leaving the wine open and allowing the carbon dioxide escape. In the secondary stage a sealed fermentation container is used to keep the carbon dioxide in.
The carbon dioxide stays in the wine and creates an effect that is bubbly. Champagne is a wine that is very bubbly and which has worldwide recognition as a French bubbly wine.Certain wines are called fortified wines. What this means that the fermentation process has been stopped or that certain things have been added to it after the process of fermentation.
These wines tend to have a much sweeter taste. Brandy falls into the category of a distilled wine and it is usually made from a number of leftovers such as the pulps, seeds as well as stems.Wines may be classified in very many ways and the ones listed above are just a few. Other wines tend to be classified based on the way they taste. Wine is dry, sweet or fruity. When wine is dry what it means that it has a very small amount of sugar left in it. Residual sugar is the sugar which is left at the end of a fermentation process. A sweeter wine tends to have a lot more sugar left over than other wines. Certain other things give wine the taste and tend to classify wine into a particular category.
In certain cases, particular additives are added into wine in order to change the way that the wine tastes. These things may make this wine into fruity wines or blends of wines.
These wines may also be classified in terms of the way that they smell. The smell or aroma of the wine will also determine the way that people tend to describe the wine. Wine could be somewhat smoky or it could have a hint of chocolate, pepper or peaches. As long as you have made a successful classification of the wines that you like, you should know how to make one that is similar to them.
Posted on 26 May 2012.
Nobody goes into winemaking aiming to fail; everyone wants their first winemaking effort to be a success.
It is common knowledge within the winemaking community that you just don’t choose to make your own wine for the sheer fun of it. You do it because you want to make great quality wine that you can enjoy as well. This is one good reason why it is essential to understand the foundations of winemaking and these are a few things which if done well, will help anyone seeking to create a good wine, succeed in making one which tastes as excellent as possible.
If you are making wine, it is important to make sure that you have properly sanitized equipment. This is much more than simply cleaning your winemaking equipment and a number of special solutions can be used to accomplish this task. You will have to ensure that no strains or bacteria, wild mold or anything else of that nature is present on your equipment and this is even after you have cleaned everything out. The reason why focus is placed on having clean equipment is that equipment that is unclean affects the fermentation process. Anything which is even slightly unclean can easily affect the process of fermentation. If you keep everything as clean as possible, then your wine can last for a long number of years.
You should ensure that your recipe for making wine is a foolproof one; you shouldn’t simply take notes from someone who says that they are experts of making wine. If you want to create a good wine, especially as a beginner, you should ensure that you start out your winemaking with a great recipe. You can find all these recipes on many websites that are exclusively devoted to the topic of winemaking.
Something else that will have to be sorted out if you have really decided to make wine is the purchase of a hydrometer. These devices aren’t that expensive and a number are available for around ten dollars or so. They may be cheap but the service they provide is invaluable to a lot of people. What this nifty device does is that it tells you the rate of progression of your fermentation process. It may also be used for the determination of the alcohol content present in your wine because it compares before and after figures of the fermentation process in order to supply you with the necessary data.
In order to make sure your fermentation process is working well, you have to ensure that the temperature is right. Usually, the best temperature range which wine can be fermented in is around 70 to 75 degrees. Anything above this and your wine will ferment too rapidly resulting in a wine with poor taste. Anything below this said temperature range and your wine may either ferment too slowly or not ferment at all. A thermometer is another important necessity when fermenting wine.
Lastly, you should ensure that the wine isn’t exposed to too much air during the winemaking process. The presence of too much air will result in oxidation and white wine may change color and so will red wine too. It also affects the taste of the wine adversely
Posted on 20 May 2012.
A lot of people consider winemaking a hobby which has its fair share of pleasant results. These people enjoy the making of wine and the fact that they serve it to their family and friends. Some of them even get the chance to brag a bit because the wine that they make comes with a pleasant taste to it. It is all usually a part time effort which most of these people during their spare time, at weekends or in the evenings. These people may have researched some basic and essential facts about the process, spoken with some other winemakers, purchased some literature or surfed the net. However their interests usually end here and once their wine has been made they take some time out to wait until the next year before they start once more.
For certain other people winemaking is a career and the dreams that they have, have led them into the process of winemaking. These people want to start their careers as winemakers and work for the wineries. They also want to grow grapes, tend to vineyards and nurture these grapes until they become big and healthy. Certain choices also have to be made and they have to ensure that they receive the right education so that they get the necessary degrees in studies such as Enology and Viniculture.
If you want to study winemaking in the United States, some of the best options are UC Davis and Fresno State which are all in the west. Both of these schools are excellent establishments and they have courses which cater to those who want to know about growing grapes in the warmer climates of the west. If you want to learn about winemaking in the east, you can usually opt to enroll in institutions such as Washington State and Cal Poly, both have programs which are new and still untested but over the years the quality of their programs should become clearly evident. Fresno State and UC Davis are in a constant undeclared battle for the educational market in winemaking. While the UC Davis department is more than a century old, Fresno has a younger department which started some time in the 1950′s.
At UC Davis some effort is going into the setting up of a vineyard. Due to the amount of incoming millions in terms of donations, the winery should be fully operational in the year 2008 and after this period their students will be able to get more hands on experience. From then on they will be able to get involved in different stages in the winemaking process, they will learn about fermentation areas, bottling rooms, a barrel room and an area for storing the bottles as they age. This will work by improving the chances that the students have of working in a winery based on their hands on experience.
Fresno’s faculty is doing rather well too. At least eighteen to twenty five thousand cases of wine are made annually and gobbled up by the market. They started their winery in the year 1997 and they were the first to have a winery as part of their program. Regardless of the school that you choose to graduate from you’ll have the opportunity to stick to your dreams and make the wine that you want to.
Posted on 03 May 2012.
A number of many different terms tend to be used in winemaking and unless the average person gets some knowledge as to the meaning of these terms, they may find it quite confusing when learning about winemaking and the different things involved in the winemaking process. This may make it difficult to converse with people about the subject and understand advice that is given by other people proficient in the process. The lack of knowledge about the prevalent terms in winemaking can be a problem and it because of this reason; people who want to be involved in the process of winemaking are urged to study these terms.
When a person speaks about the body of wine, it usually refers to how that wine tends to feel in your mouth. A wine may be full-bodied or rather medium and light bodied. A body of wine is made possible by a number of things and this usually includes a combination of sugar, alcohol and glycerin. A balance of wine usually refers to how well everything combines together and this can only be decided when the clarity of wine is being spoken about but certainly not the color.
An airlock is a device which is put in the fermenter and which makes sure that carbon dioxide is allowed to escape from the wine during the fermentation process. It is a very smart device which allows carbon dioxide escape without allowing oxygen to get in and ruin the wine. A bung on the other hand is a stopper which is there to ensure that the airlock stays in place. A carboy is a container which is used as a fermenter in the process of the second fermentation. It may hold as much as six gallons or as little as a gallon of wine; the amount really depends on what you’re brewing. Usually it is made from glass. An ullage is the space between the bung and the highest point of wine inside the bottle.
Yeast is a crucial element involved in winemaking. Yeast is what helps the conversion of sugar into alcohol by the means of yeast enzymes. It is an important component of wine and without yeast; your wine is no more than grape juice or fruit juice.
Trub is another terms used to describe lees. Both terms tend to refer to the sediment which accumulates at the base of the fermentation container. Anything found floating in the wine is usually under the category of flocculates. The process of removal of bits called filtering and it happens at the end of fermentation.
If something you have eaten has a bad taste, it is called an aftertaste and this is usually a terrible thing. In wine however, it’s a whole lot different. An aftertaste of a wine is the taste or flavor which you perceive after taking a glass of the wine. Great wine leaves a great aftertaste which may be anything from smooth, fruity, bitter, oaky or sour. The term aftertaste is one of the means which you use to describe the quality of wine and it is also referred to in certain quarters as the finish.
The study of how to make wine is known as oenology and it comes from the Greek word for grape. The study of how to grow the right grapes for making of wine is called viniculture. A mastery of these terms will make your experience at winemaking a much easier process.
Posted on 01 May 2012.
The making of wine tends to be associated with grapes most of the time. People tend to think of vineyards with their crop of different grapes hanging in bunches and just waiting to be picked and made into their favorite red or white wines. The truth though, is that many other things may be used to make wine. You have wine made from berries of all kinds and even other fruits such as plums and cherries. If you visit the Japanese then you’ll have an opportunity of seeing a special wine that they make out of rice known as sake. Wine can also be made from other plants and in this strange case; wine can be made from the Huisache flower otherwise known as the Dandelion.
If you’re interested in the making of dandelion wine, then you should know that the process isn’t that complex at all and a number of simple recipes exist which will give you what you want, provided that you adhere to them. While most people in North America tend to regard these flowers as just weeds, American Indian tribes had been using this crop a long time before the Europeans came over with their own plants. When next you’re thinking of getting rid of those yellow weeds cum flowers which have invaded your front lawn, try to remember that they make very tasty wine as well. The wine is exclusively made from the flower and no other part of the wine, everything else is unnecessary and should be disposed off as soon as the flowers have been collected.
One surefire recipe for dandelion wine is the use of dandelions along with these ingredients: sugar, oranges, water and yeast. Harvesting of the dandelions should be at high noon so that they have opened up to their fullest. When you’re waiting for the gallon of water to start boiling, you should take out all the dandelions and make sure you have no stem or any other parts but just flowers. After this the boiling water should be placed over the flowers, you should then cover everything with a cloth and let it breathe. The ensemble should be left for 48 hours at most and after this time water should be poured back into the pot. After this orange peels should be added as well, but you should remember to remove as much of the white stuff that comes with the peels as possible, because it affects the flavor of the wine. After this you should boil everything again for ten minutes.
At the expiration of the boiling period, the entire mixture should be poured through a porous cloth and into a pail or large pot which already has a huge amount of sugar within it. You should permit everything to cool before you place the orange juice together with the yeast and yeast nutrients. Following this, everything should be added in a container for fermentation and this container must be sealed tightly.
After the wine has cleared properly, it should be placed into bottles for a two month period before rebottling. After this period it should be left for as much as six months to a year in order to give it a greater taste. Such wine tends to be very favorable and the best part of everything is that you would have succeeded in making everything entirely on your own.
Posted on 14 April 2012.
In spite of the common belief, winemaking is a very simple process that can be done anywhere with the most ordinary ingredients. This art has come to us, the modern man, though ages and ages of wisdom and experience. In ancient times, winemaking was simple, fast and the result was exceptional. In modern days, there are a lot of ways to make wine, some simple on the lines our ancestors, and some as complicated as you would like them.
Thankfully, home made wines have become a fad the world over and with the pleasure of making wine at home, the demand for better ingredients, automation and fast maturity of the wine have grown by leaps and bounds.
The modernization has not, as expected, improved in any way the process of wine making. You can still the best wines in the traditional way at home, with the ingredients that you can pick from the shelf of your kitchen. However, the hi-tech’s contribution has been to fast forward the maturity time of the wine. This development has made it possible for people to have their wine, almost immediately after it has been bottled and dispatched to the market. Many love this development because the patience of a human being is not the same today, that had been some hundred years ago.
The second great achievement and gift of science-technology to the making of wine is that the grapes quality has become much better, and much more uniform in taste. Hence, the wine’s flavor is fast to develop and better to taste.
What the modern could not do, was to improve in any way the art of wine making. The basic wine making art remains the same.
This is the basic process and no matter what twists and turns you add to it, the process remains this much. The complications that you read in different recipes are most of the times unnecessary and avoidable. Stick to the ancient style of wine-making and you can do no wrong.
Posted on 23 March 2012.
While looking through different winemaking terms, you will see that a number of them explain what the processes involved in winemaking are. These terms are not always concise and it is essential that you understand the different terms which are used in the winemaking process.
It is difficult to learn these terms but in the end it will be easier when you learn from people trying to tell you about winemaking process and what it entails.
A number of different explanations exist online about the different winemaking terms or you can go to the library or bookstore and pick up a few books that teach you about the winemaking process.
People sometimes talk about letting wine breathe; this usually entails allowing the wine mix with air by letting the wine remain in a bottle that has been opened or in your wineglass. It is a short process which lets the wine come to full flavor before you take a drink.
If wine has too much acetic acid in it, this is a bad thing. All wines tend to have acetic acid but too much of this acid is bad for wine.
If your wine smells like vinegar or tastes like it, it means that you have made a mistake. This wine will be flawed and shouldn’t be drunk at all.
If wine is referred to as corked it means that the cork of the wine is moldy or damaged in some in some way. What this does is that it creates a chemical reaction within the wine which changes the bouquet as well as the flavor in the negative sort of way. Corked wine isn’t drinkable as well.
Yeast and sugar react together to create ethyl alcohol. The percentage of alcohol in wine is determined by the presence of alcohol in the wine.
Bottle sickness is also called bottle shock and the term is used when wine in a bottle has been shaken too much during travel. This usually occurs when wine is still in its early stages after it has been bottled. This wine can be remedied by being left for some days so that it settles down.
Botrytis is a double-edged sword and it can either destroy you or be to your benefit. It is actually a fungus which tends to attack grapes and which may eliminate a vineyard. It is also a good thing sometimes, especially when it causes noble rot instead of destroying the grape crop.
Noble rot takes water away from the grapes and this leaves behind a sugary juice which makes sweet and great tasting wine.
Chaptalization is the process through which sugar can be added to juice before you ferment it. This way, more alcohol is made during the process and the name comes from the man who invented this procedure Jean-Antoine Chaptal.
These are just a few of the simple terms that concern winemaking and a number of other terms exist which you can familiarize yourself with over time depending on how interested you are in the winemaking process.
Posted on 21 February 2012.
Wine is a very sensitive beverage which gets easily affected by temperature, lights, vibrations, and oxygen among others. Ordinarily speaking, one can use any type of bottle to bottle his/her wine as long as it can be sealed well (some inset a thin layer of nitrogen before sealing it to prevent any chance of oxygen reaching the wine and oxidizing it) and at the same time protect the wine from direct sunlight.
Easy identification of wine type and place of manufacture
All wine bottles are made of glass. Wines, such as Champagne are fermented in the same bottle they are sold in, while most other types are bottled after the fermentations process has totally stopped. Most of the times the wine is bottled in a certain type of bottle for two main reasons – (i) to identify the area from where it comes (manufacturers, vineyard, country, etc), (ii) type of wine.
In the early days wine was stored in wooden kegs. After a while it became fashionable to have wine in large amphorae. Then, with the advent of the popularity of wine and its transport throughout the world, it became commonly stored in glass bottles. These bottles are usually thick, dimpled at the bottom and dark in color. Thick because it should break during travel/ transport; dimpled at the bottom so it can have better stability and easier for stacking while transporting; lastly dark in color to prevent the access of direct sunlight which can destroy the wine within the glass.
Today, the wine bottles are normally of 750 ml and the shape of the bottles in which they are stored usually denote the type of wine and many times the place from where it is produced. This article will attempt to describe a few of the most popular wine bottles below:
There is actually no real rules. The types of bottles have been adopted as a tradition rather than any other reason. There are places where the bottles of wine have been thus for hundreds of years. The main concern for wine bottles, remain to protect the wine. Hence, most of the bottles are thick, dark and longish. All these three attributes help in keeping the wine as healthy as can be till it is drank.
Posted on 19 February 2012.
First of all, let us see what do we understand when we say ‘grape varietals’. Many really do not know the actual meaning of the word, though they know what type of wines are called varietals.
In ordinary circumstances, wines are made out of one type of grapes, majority of times coming from one regions vineyards. This is how certain wines are known by their flavor from which region/country/place they have been manufactured.
Posted on 16 February 2012.
Check out these homemade wine images:
Pouring the Homemade wines
Image by tigerlillyshop
Tasting the homemade wine
Image by travelingmcmahans
Posted on 12 February 2012.
A short film on the production of high quality wine bottle corks at Amorim’s factory in Portugal
Posted on 11 February 2012.
fruitwinemaking.net ..Want to learn how to make your own wine at home. You can learn how today by visiting FruitwineMaking.net. FruitwineMaking.net offers simple step by step instruction tips and recipes from experienced fruit wine makers.
Video Rating: 2 / 5